How to Calculate Miter Saw Angle? – Step By Step Guide!

Miter saw angle is essential for perfect workpiece joints. Miter saw angle depends on the joint angle, and workpiece width. Due to the various angles and lengths its unable to calculate quickly. So let’s see how to calculate the miter saw angles in a few steps.

A miter saw angle depends on the joint angle and workpiece width. If you need to calculate the miter saw angle you will need a bit of depth of knowledge about trigonometry functions. It is easy. So let’s see how to calculate the miter saw angle quickly.

Mathamatical Steps to Find Miter Saw Angle

So let’s prove a common equation by using workpiece widths and angles to be cut.

12 Types Drill Bit for Wood
12 Types Drill Bit for Wood
Eqn 01 ↦  α+β=θ
X - Face Length

Using Sin Low
Sinα = A∕X       Sinβ=B∕X  

Hence, 
Eqn 02 ↦ A∕Sinα = B/Sinβ

α+β=θ Can be written as below

α=θ-β
Hence, 
Eqn 03 ↦Sinα = Sin(θ-β)

From Eqn 02 , and Eqn 03;

Sin(θ-β) = A*Sinβ/B

Expanding Sin(θ-β)

SinθCosβ-CosθSinβ = A*Sinβ/B

Divide both sides from (÷Sinβ)

SinθCotβ-Cosθ = A/B

Cotβ = (A/B + Cosθ ) /Sinθ

Tanβ = Sinθ/ (A/B + Cosθ ) 

β = Arctan(Sinθ/ (A/B + Cosθ ) )
α = θ-β

After you get the angles for α and β, it will not be the miter angle. It is the angle you have to keep in your workpiece. So you need the angle to be removed.

This can be calculated by reducing 90 degrees.

So let’s see how to do it.

**Trigonometric Tables For Sin, Cos, Tan Values

Calculating Miter Angle for 120 Degree for 8cm and 12cm Workpiece Joints

Calculate the miter angle for joining angle θ = 120 and workpiece width 8cm and 12cm.

Eqn 01 ↦  α+β=120
X - Face Length

Using Sin Low
Sinα = 8∕X       Sinβ=12∕X  

Hence, 
Eqn 02 ↦ 8∕Sinα = 12/Sinβ

α+β=120 Can be written as below

α=120-β
Hence, 
Eqn 03 ↦Sinα = Sin(120-β)

From Eqn 02 , and Eqn 03;

Sin(120-β) = 8*Sinβ/12

Expanding Sin(θ-β)

Sin120Cosβ-Cos120Sinβ = 8*Sinβ/12

Divide both sides from (÷Sinβ)

Sin120Cotβ-Cos120 = A/B

Cotβ = (8/12 + Cos120 ) /Sin120

Tanβ = Sin120/ (8/12 + Cosθ120 ) 

β = Arctan(Sin120/ (8/12 + Cos120 ) )
β = Arctan(0.866/(8/12 - 0.5)
β = Arctan(5.1)

β = 78.90
α = θ-β

α = 120-78.90
α = 41.1

Hence Miter Angle for 8 cm workpiece = 90 – 41.1 = 48.9 Degree

Hence Miter Angle for 8 cm workpiece = 90 – 78.90= 11.1 Degree

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Tom Mackenzy

I am Tom, I am really interested in DIY projects. I have my own workshop and I spend my free time with so many projects. So I would like to share my experience with you regarding power tools, woodworking, metalworking, etc.

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