How to Drill For Screws? – 08 Steps Guide!

Drill for screws is essential for a more tight, strong, and durable wood connection. Wood is needed to connect with another for many reasons. When you drill for screws, follow the below method for a successful wood connection.

Screws are with different shanks, thread, and heads. These can screw into the wood with pilot holes or directly drive inside. This depends on the strength of the screw, wood, and driving power. The following steps guide you to make a perfect wood connection with screws.

Step 01 – Identify the Wood Type

This is the most important step. When you drive into the wood, you should consider the type of wood. There are types of wood mostly we can categorize them as softwood and hardwood. The hardness is different from each other and used for the specified task. When wood is old, dry, and cured, it is tougher and stronger. This kind of wood is tough to drive or drill.

You can drill hardwood using black oxide drill bits.

So you should choose a strength drill bit for drilling the hardwood for screws. Most screws are too resistant to drive these types of woods. You will need high torque. The screw head can be broken if the torque is increased too much.

There is no problem with softwood. But it can be cracked when you drill or drive the edges. So use a proper way to drive the screw in such that places.

  • Soft Woods – pine, fir, spruce, larch and cedar, juniper, pine, redwood and spruce
  • Hard Woods – alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut

Step 02 – Select the Suitable Drill Bit

Driving screw into wood can be done as 02 methods
01. Directly drive using the screw
02. Drive using the pilot hole

When you drive a screw into hardwood the pilot hole is the best way. Softwood can be directly driven with the screw itself. But edge cracking will be a problem. You can choose the right drill bit according to your project. It can be spade bit, twist bit, auger bit, or any. But screw diameter size is not much that, so use a drill bit below the shank diameter. When you keep the drill bit on the screw, you should see threads and a small part of the diameter.

If you use a more diameter drill bit than its threads, it will not tighten. If you use a too much smaller drill bit, it is useless. So select the drill bit as threads can be seen.

The drill bit should be longer than the screw. You will need two drill bits for the drilling process. One is for the pilot hole, and another one is for the clearness hole. Sometimes you need a countersink drill bit also for the perfect process.

Screw SizeNearest FractionMillimeter
#01/161.5
#15/641.8
#23/322.0
#37/642.3
#47/642.8
#51/83.1
#69/643.3
#85/324.2
#103/164.8
#127/325.5
#141/46.3
American screw size table
Screw SizePilot hole size for hardwoodsPilot hole size for softwood
#13/64″1/32″
#23/64″3/32″
#31/16″3/64″
#41/16″3/64″
#55/64″1/16″
#63/32″5/64″
#73/32″5/64″
#81/8″3/32″
#91/8″3/32″
#101/8″7/64″
#115/32″9/64″
#129/64″1/8
Screw size for softwood and hardwood pilot hole size table

You should use an equal diameter drill bit for the pilot hole diameter. Download the drill bit sizes here.

Read More About – 13 Types of Drill Bits for Wood: You Should Know!

Step 03 – Choose the Proper Drilling Machine

In this step, we can choose a suitable drill machine. Many types of drills are available in the market. Among them, you should use regular drills. If you use a cordless drill, it is really easy for handling and tool changes. If you use a bench drill, it is tough to handle. The most suitable way is selecting a regular cordless drill for drilling the clearness hole and pilot hole.

And you will need a screwdriver or impact driver to drive the screws inside the holes. Normally screwdriver is limited power, and an impact driver is really powerful to drive screws into wood. If you already have a drill, can a drill be used as a screwdriver?

You can use an impact driver to drive the screws without any pilot holes. But workpiece edges can be cracked due to compression. When the screw is moving inside the wood, it can push away the material. When this happens in the edge, the edge side can be cracked easily. So be careful while you drive using the impact driver only using the impact driver.

Some hardwood is too hard due to being old and dry. So drilling and driving are really hard. When you use impact drivers to drive screws, it can be damaged. Mostly screw head is broken due to high torque. As well as nail drives can be slippered with drive bit movement.

Read More About – Electric Screw Driver Vs Impact Driver – 09 Cool Facts!

Step 04 – Use Recommended RPM for Drilling Wood

Drilling woods can be recommended for high RPM. If you use low RPM, the drilled hole can be uncleared, and the hole surface is not sharp. Due to this, drilling wood is recommended for the high RPM rate.

Do not forget to apply enough thrust. If you apply, more thrust tools can be overheated, and also drill also overheated. You can apply enough thrust as chips come out gently.

Drill Bit DiameterSoftwood
(RPM)
Hardwood
(RPM)
1/16 – 3/1630003000
1/4 – 3/830001500
7/16 – 5/81500750
1 1/16 – 1750500
 1/818001200
 1/418001000
 3/81800750
 1/21800750
 5/81800500
 3/41400250
 7/81200250
1    1000250
1/4 – 3/82400700
1/2 – 5/82400500
36954    1500500
1 1/8 – 1 1/41000250
1 3/8 – 2500250
1/4 – 1/220001500
5/8 – 1  17501500
1 1/8 – 1 1/215001000
1 5/8 – 21200700
Recommended RPM for Softwood and Hardwood


Step 05 – Drill the Pilot Hole

In this step, you should drill the pilot hole first. Mark the screw length on the drill bit using the tape and drill the required place using the drill bit. If the drill bit is penetrating to a marked point, pull out the drill bit.

If there are two or more wood layers, keep them all together and drill. These are my favorite 15 Best Drilling Tips for Wood, Steel, Concrete and Glass.


Step 06 – Drill the Clearance Hole

Clearness hole and pilot hole Image Source

After you drill the pilot hole, then drill the clearness hole at the same point. First, mark the drilling depth and then drill through the pilot hole. It is better if you have set up the dust-removing method before you start drilling.

A clearness hole will tighten the wood layers highly. The pilot hole is not recommended because the screw shank will be tight there, and then the wood will not be tight much.

After the clearness hole is drilled, then use a countersink drill bit to drill the top. Then screw head can fit topper wood perfectly. And the surface will not be rough due to the screw head.


Step 07 – Drive the Screws

After You drilled all holes then drive the screw inside. When you drive a screw, you can use a screwdriver or impact driver. The impact driver is the perfect tool for the driving screws. Sometimes screwdrivers are not able to provide the constant torque to drive the screws inside.

If it is still tight, you can apply to use some soap around the screw. So it will drive nicely.

Read More About – How an Impact Driver Work? – Mechanism, Usage, Troubleshoot


Step 08 – Clean the Area

When you finish the drilling process, you should clean the area by removing dust and debris. And check whether the wood is really fit by pulling out a bit.

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